Benutzer:Orschiro

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Version vom 7. September 2011, 13:52 Uhr von Orschiro (Diskussion | Beiträge) (Tipps und Tricks)

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Tipps und Tricks

Prozess eliminieren

kill -9 PID

Top im nicht interaktiven Modus

top -b

Gruppenzugehörigkeit anzeigen

groups <user>

mplayer DVD-Menü Support

mplayer -nocache dvdnav://

Sicherung von lokalem Rechner auf entfernten Rechner

rsync -avze ssh /home/benutzer benutzer@rechner.de:/backups 

Alsamixer Kanäle links und rechts angleichen

Shift+B

Dateien suchen

find /Verzeichnis -name string

Bildschirmschoner regulieren

xset -dpms/+dmps

Flashvideo in Fullscreen per Mplayer abspielen

mplayer /tmp/*

Ordnergröße in Shell anzeigen

du -sh /Verzeichnis

Zip Archiv erstellen

zip Archiv.zip [Dateien] [Dateien]

Tar-Archiv erstellen

tar cfvz [ARCHIVNAME].tar [Ordner]/

Tar-Archiv entpacken

tar xfv [ARCHIVNAME].tar

Anzahl Dateien in einem Ordner herausfinden

ls | wc -l

Alle Speichermedien anzeigen

fdisk -l

Bild und Audio verknüpfen

ffmpeg -loop_input -r 25 -t 0:0:0 -i image.jpg -i wav.wav -ab 192k output.mp4 # -t gibt an, wie lange geloopt werden soll

Iso auf DVD brennen

wodim -v dev=/dev/sr0 speed=4 Image.iso

.Xdefaults neu laden

xrdb -merge ~/.Xdefaults

Wav aufnehmen

arecord [Datei]

netcfg Ascii-Code als Key verwenden

[...]
Key="s:hierfolgtderString"
[...]

Label einer Partition setzen

e2label /dev/sda [ new-label ]

dwm

makepkg -g >> PKGBUILD
makepkg -fi
patch < patch.diff

dwm config.h

/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */

/* appearance */
static const char font[]            = "-*-*-medium-*-*-*-14-*-*-*-*-*-*-*";
static const char normbordercolor[] = "#333333";
static const char normbgcolor[]     = "#051121";
static const char normfgcolor[]     = "#FFFFFF";
static const char selbordercolor[]  = "#1793D1";
static const char selbgcolor[]      = "#1793D1";
static const char selfgcolor[]      = "#FFFFFF";
static const unsigned int borderpx  = 1;        /* border pixel of windows */
static const unsigned int snap      = 32;       /* snap pixel */
static const Bool showbar           = True;     /* False means no bar */
static const Bool topbar            = True;     /* False means bottom bar */

/* tagging */
static const char *tags[] = { "terms", "communicate", "browser", "server", "audio", "other"$

static const Rule rules[] = {
       /* class      instance    title       tags mask     isfloating   monitor */
       { "Gimp",     NULL,       NULL,       0,            True,        -1 },
       { "Firefox",  NULL,       NULL,       1 << 2,       False,       -1 },
       { "XTerm",    NULL,       NULL,       1 << 0,       False,       -1 },
       { "UXTerm",   NULL,       NULL,       1 << 0,       False,       -1 },
       { "alsamixer",NULL,       NULL,       1 << 4,       False,       -1 },
       { "server",   NULL,       NULL,       1 << 3,       False,       -1 },
       { "Skype",    NULL,       NULL,       1 << 1,       False,       -1 },
       { "Apvlv",    NULL,       NULL,       1 << 5,       False,       -1 },
};

/* layout(s) */
static const float mfact      = 0.55; /* factor of master area size [0.05..0.95] */
static const Bool resizehints = False; /* True means respect size hints in tiled resizals */

static const Layout layouts[] = {
       /* symbol     arrange function */
       { "[]=",      tile },    /* first entry is default */
       { "><>",      NULL },    /* no layout function means floating behavior */
       { "[M]",      monocle },
};

/* key definitions */
#define MODKEY Mod1Mask
#define TAGKEYS(KEY,TAG) \
       { MODKEY,                       KEY,      view,           {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
       { MODKEY|ControlMask,           KEY,      toggleview,     {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             KEY,      tag,            {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
       { MODKEY|ControlMask|ShiftMask, KEY,      toggletag,      {.ui = 1 << TAG} },

/* helper for spawning shell commands in the pre dwm-5.0 fashion */
#define SHCMD(cmd) { .v = (const char*[]){ "/bin/sh", "-c", cmd, NULL } }

/* commands */
static const char *dmenucmd[] = { "dmenu_run", "-fn", font, "-nb", normbgcolor, "-nf", norm$
static const char *termcmd[]  = { "uxterm", NULL };
static const char *mutecmd[] = { "amixer", "set", "Master", "toggle", NULL };
static const char *volupcmd[] = { "amixer", "set", "Master", "2-", "unmute", NULL };
static const char *voldowncmd[] = { "amixer", "set", "Master", "2+", "unmute", NULL };

static Key keys[] = {
       /* modifier                     key        function        argument */
       { 0,                       0x1008ff12,     spawn,          {.v = mutecmd } },
       { 0,                       0x1008ff11,     spawn,          {.v = volupcmd }},
       { 0,                       0x1008ff13,     spawn,          {.v = voldowncmd} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_p,      spawn,          {.v = dmenucmd } },
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_Return, spawn,          {.v = termcmd } },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_b,      togglebar,      {0} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_j,      focusstack,     {.i = +1 } },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_k,      focusstack,     {.i = -1 } },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_h,      setmfact,       {.f = -0.05} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_l,      setmfact,       {.f = +0.05} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_Return, zoom,           {0} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_Tab,    view,           {0} },
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_c,      killclient,     {0} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_t,      setlayout,      {.v = &layouts[0]} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_f,      setlayout,      {.v = &layouts[1]} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_m,      setlayout,      {.v = &layouts[2]} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_space,  setlayout,      {0} },
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_space,  togglefloating, {0} },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_0,      view,           {.ui = ~0 } },
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_0,      tag,            {.ui = ~0 } },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_comma,  focusmon,       {.i = -1 } },
       { MODKEY,                       XK_period, focusmon,       {.i = +1 } },
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_comma,  tagmon,         {.i = -1 } },
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_period, tagmon,         {.i = +1 } },
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_1,                      0)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_2,                      1)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_3,                      2)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_4,                      3)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_5,                      4)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_6,                      5)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_7,                      6)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_8,                      7)
       TAGKEYS(                        XK_9,                      8)
       { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_q,      quit,           {0} },
};

/* button definitions */
/* click can be ClkLtSymbol, ClkStatusText, ClkWinTitle, ClkClientWin, or ClkRootWin */
static Button buttons[] = {
       /* click                event mask      button          function        argument */
       { ClkLtSymbol,          0,              Button1,        setlayout,      {0} },
       { ClkLtSymbol,          0,              Button3,        setlayout,      {.v = &layo$
       { ClkWinTitle,          0,              Button2,        zoom,           {0} },
       { ClkStatusText,        0,              Button2,        spawn,          {.v = termc$
       { ClkClientWin,         MODKEY,         Button1,        movemouse,      {0} },
       { ClkClientWin,         MODKEY,         Button2,        togglefloating, {0} },
       { ClkClientWin,         MODKEY,         Button3,        resizemouse,    {0} },
       { ClkTagBar,            0,              Button1,        view,           {0} },
       { ClkTagBar,            0,              Button3,        toggleview,     {0} },
       { ClkTagBar,            MODKEY,         Button1,        tag,            {0} },
       { ClkTagBar,            MODKEY,         Button3,        toggletag,      {0} },
};